Imagine a world where people lacked confidence. We would scarcely be able to face a new day, struggling to call the courage to show our work to our bosses or apply for a new job. Surgeons would be racked with doubt about upcoming operations. Military commanders would hesitate at key moments when decisiveness was essential. Politicians would be unable to defend their views against the constant hail of personal and intellectual criticism.
Confidence is so vital even for the mundane activities of everyday life that we take it for granted. But it also looms large when we try to explain achievements that are out of the ordinary. Confidence is widely held to be an almost magic ingredient of success in sports, entertainment, business, the stock market, combat and many other domains.
At the same time, confidence can be dangerous. Like fire, it can be extremely useful in controlled amounts, but confidence in excess—overconfidence—can easily burn out of control and cause costly decision-making errors, policy failures, and wars. Continue reading “Over-Confidence harm for life……!!”